Kenya Facts Page

On this page you’ll find some hard Kenya facts. Return to the main page of Kenya facts to get an overview of all factual info on Kenya on this website.

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Official name in English: Republic of Kenya

Official name in Swahili: Jamhuri y Kenya

Short form: Kenya

Official languages: English and Swahili


Size: 582,646 square kilometers (comparable to Texas)

Bordered by: Ethiopia and Sudan (north), Uganda (east), Tanzania (south), Somalia and Indian Ocean (west)

Capital: Nairobi (3-4 million inhabitants)

Other major cities: Mombasa, Kisumu

Climate: arid in the interior, tropical along the coast

Biggest mountain: Mount Kenya (5200 m)

Political system

Form of government: presidential republic – multi-party state with elected parliament

Constitution: adopted on December 12th, 1963. A new constitution was rejected in 2005 by referendum.

Head of state: Mwai Kibaki (since the end of 2002)

Parliament: National Assembly, 224 members who are elected roughly every 5 years (elections were held in 1992, 1997 and 2002)

Voting rights: universal suffrage as of age 18

Political parties: there are two main parties, NARC (National Rainbow Coalition – current President Kibaki’s party) and the ODM (Orange Democratic Movement), which is actually a merger of KANU (the Kenya African National Union) – the party of former strong man Daniel Arap Moi that led the struggle for independence against the British, and ruled Kenya for nearly 40 years – and the Liberal Democratic Party.

Number of provinces: 7 (Nairobi is not a province, but an ‘area’)

Number of districts: 71


Population number: estimations are between 32 and 37 million

Number of tribes: 40 to 70, depending how you count!

Main tribes: Kikuyu (22%), Luhya (15%), Luo (14%), Kalenjin (12%), Kamba (11%)

Religion: Protestant 45%, Roman Catholic 33%, Muslim 10%, indigenous beliefs 10%, other 2% (the estimates of the number of Muslims vary widely)

Literacy: 85% of Kenyans over 15


Life expectancy: estimates vary between 46 and 55 years

Infant mortality rate per 1000 births: 58 deaths

Main infectious diseases: AIDS, malaria, diarrhoea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, schistosomiasis (bilharzia).

Percentage of people with HIV or AIDS: 7%

AIDS deaths per year: 150,000


Main airport: Jomo Kenyatta National Airport (Nairobi), the biggest airport in East Africa

Airline: Kenya Airways, nicknamed The Pride of Africa

Length of railways: 2,778 km

Paved roads: 8,933 km

Unpaved roads: 54,332 km

Most popular form of public transport: matatu (public minibuses)


Internet data code: ke

Internet users: 1 million

Number of phones (landlines) in use: 281,800

Number of mobile phones in circulation: 6 million


Currency: Kenyan Shilling (KSH) (1 dollar = 70 KSH)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity): estimates vary from 40 to 80 billion dollars

GDP per capita: estimates vary from 1200 to 2600 dollars

GDP per sector:

Economic growth: 1.4% in 2003, 4.3% in 2004 and 5.8% in 2005

Labour force by occupation: agriculture 75-80%, services and industry 20-25%

Unemployment rate: 40%

Percentage of population below the poverty line: 50%

Inflation rate: 10% per year

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Kenya Facts - Overview